Daily Archives: March 17th, 2013

በኮብልስቶን ስራ በተፈጠረ የእርስ በርስ ግጭት 8 ሰዎች መሞታቸው ተገለፀ

በአዲስ አበባ በሚገኘው ቦሌ ክፍለ ከተማ ወረዳ 10 ልዩ ስሙ ቦሌ ለሚ በሚባል አካባቢ ማክሰኞ መጋቢት 3 ቀን 2005ዓ.ም. ኮብልስቶን በሚሰሩ ሰዎች መካከል በተፈጠረ ግጭት 8 ሰዎች መሞታቸውንና በርካታ ሰዎች መቁሰላቸው ተጠቁሟል፡፡ ከአካባቢው ምንጮቻችን የደረሰን መረጃ እንደሚያመለክተው ከሆነ የግጭቱ መንስኤ የሞባይል መጥፋት እንደሆነ እና በዚህም ኮብልስቶን ትሰራ የነበረች የአንዲትን ሴት ጡት ሌላው ሰራተኛ በመቁረጡ ህይወቷ ማለፉን ተከትሎ በዛው ዕለት ፀቡን ለማረጋጋት የሞከረ ፖሊስም በኮብልስቶን ተመቶ ወዲያው ህይወቱ ማለፉን ጠቁመዋል፡፡

ከዚህ ጋር በተያያዘ ጉዳዩ ወደ ዘረኝነት ስሜት ተለውጦ ግጭቱ እስከ ሐሙስ መጋቢት 5 ቀን መዝለቁንና ህይወቷ ያለፈው ወጣት የአካባቢው ኦሮሚያ ተወላጅ በመሆኗ ጉዳዩ ወደ ማኀበረሰቡ በመድረሱ በርካታ የአካባቢው ሰዎች ከአያት ኮንዶሚኒየም እስከ ቦሌ ለሚ ድረስ ከበባ በማድረግ በሰራተኞች መካከል የኢህአዴግ አደራጅና ሰላይ ናቸው የተባሉ 6 ሰዎችን በመግደልና በርካታ ሰዎችን በማቁሰላቸው በአካባቢው ከ 3 ተሸከርካሪ ያላነሱ የፌደራል ፖሊሶች ግጭቱን ለማረጋጋት  ቢገኙም እንዳልቻሉና በርካቶችንም ወስደው እንዳሰሩ የዓይን እማኞች ገልፀዋል፡፡ ይሁን እንጂ እስከ አሁን ከፖሊስ ወገን የተሰጠ ማረጋገጫ የለም፡፡  የዝግጅት ክፍሉ ጉዳዩ በቀጥታ ይመለከተዋል ወደተባለው  ቦሌ ክፍለ ከተማ  ፖሊስ መረጃ ክፍል ስለጉዳዩ ለማረጋገጥ ተደጋጋሚ ጥረት ቢያደርግም አልተሳካም፡፡

ዘገባው ወደህዝብ እንዲደርስ እስከተደረገበት መጋቢት 7 ቀን 2005ዓ.ም. ድረስ ቀደም ሲል በርካታ ሰዎች የኮብልስቶን ስራ ይሰሩበት የነበረው አያት ጨፌ እና ቦሌ ለሚ የሚባል አካባቢ ማንም ሰው እንዳይገባ የተደረገ ሲሆን ከሰራተኞች ጋር እዛው በሚገኝ ቀበሌ ለጊዜው ማንነታቸው ያልታወቁ የመንግስት ባለስልጣናት እያወያዩ መሆናቸው ተጠቁሟል፡፡ ችግሩ እስኪፈታም  በአካባቢው እስከ ሰኞ መጋቢት 10 ቀን 2005ዓ.ም. ድረስ ስራ እንደለሌም ምንጮቻችን ከስፍራው ጠቁመዋል፡፡ ስማቸውን መግለፅ ያልፈለጉ በስፍራው የኮብልስቶን ስራ ላይ ተሰማርተው የነበሩና አሁን በውስጡ የቆየና እየተስፋፋ የመጣው የዘረኝነት ስሜት አስፈሪ ደረጃ ላይ የደረሰ በመሆኑ፤ ቀደም ሲልም ችግሩ እንዲቀረፍ ቢገለፅም ከማባባስ ውጭ መፍትሄ የሚሰጥ የመንግስት አካል ባለመኖሩ ዳግም ወደስራው እንደማይመለሱ በመግለፅ “ይህ ዜጎችን በዘረኝነት ከፋፍሎ የማጫረስ የአቶ መለስ ዕራይ ተጠናክሮ መቀጠሉን ያሳያል ሲሉ በስፍራው የነበሩ የዓይን እማኞች ገልፀዋል፡፡

በኢትዮጵያ የንግድ ስራ ችግር ገጠመው

 

በኢትዮጵያ ከፍተኛ የንግድ መቀዛቀዝ እየታየ መሆኑ ተጠቆመ፡፡ በተለይ በውጭ ምንዛሪ እጥረት ምክንያትና የገዥው ኢህአዴግ የአየተከተለ ያለው የንግድ ስርዓት አድሎነት የተሞላበት ከመሆኑም በተጨማሪ ለስርዓቱ ከቀረቡት ጥቂት ነጋዴዎች እና ንብረትነቱ የህወሃት/ ኢህአዴግ እንደሆነ የሚነገርለት ኤፈርት ኩባንያ ውጭ ያሉ ነጋዴዎች ከአቅማቸው በላይ ግብር እየተጫነባቸው በመሆኑ  የንግድ ስራቸውን ወደ ሌሎች የአፍሪካ ሀገሮች እያዛወሩ መሆኑን ስማቸውን መግለፅ ያልፈለጉ ኢትዮጵያውያን የኩባንያ ባለቤቶች አስታወቁ፡፡

እንደባለሃብቶቹ ገለፃ ከሆነ በአሁን ሰዓት ምንም ዓይነት የባንክ ብድር እንዳናገኝ አበዳሪ ባንኮች ለእኛ የሚያበድሩ ከሆነ ከሚያበድሩን ገንዘብ ላይ 27 በመቶ ለአባይ ግድብ እንዲያውሉ ጥብቅ መመሪያ በመተላለፉ ባንኮቹ ለማበደር ፈቃደኛ አልሆኑም፡፡ በዚህም ምክንያት በንግድ ስርዓቱ ላይ ከፍተኛ ችግር በመፈጠሩ በሀገሪቱ ላይ የዕቃ አቅርቦት ችግር እየተከሰተ መሆኑንም  ለፍኖተ ነፃነት ገልፀዋል፡፡ ከዚህ ጋር በተያያዘ ከውጭ ዕቃ ለማምጣት የውጭ ምንዛሪ የሚፈልግ ነጋዴ ከመደበኛው የአሜሪካን ዶላር ምንዛሪ ውጭ በአንድ ዶላር እስከ 25 ሳንቲም ተጨማሪ ክፍያ በህገወጥ መንገድ ለባንክ አስተዳደሮች እንዲሰጡ እየተገደዱ መሆኑን በማስታወስ እንደ ለስላሳ መጠጦች ኢንዱስትሪ ያሉትም ከውጭ ምንዛሪው እጥረት በተጨማሪ የስኳር አቅርቦት ችግር በመከሰቱ የምርት እጥረት መኖሩም ተጠቁሟል፡፡

ከላይ ተፈጠረ የተባለውን የንግድ ችግር በተመለከተ የንግድ ሚኒስቴር የህዝብ ግንኙነት ኃላፊ አቶ አማከለ ይማም በበኩላቸው “የተባለው ችግር አልተፈጠረም፣ ይህን በሚመለከት ጥያቄያችሁን በፅሑፍ ማቅረብ አለባችሁ” ከሲሉ ምላሽ ሰጥተዋል፡፡ የተፈጠረውን የውጭ ምንዛሪ እጥረት በተመለከተ ደግሞ የብሔራዊ ባንክ የህዝብ ግንኙነት ኃላፊ አቶ ደረጀ እንግዳው  የውጭ ምንዛሪ እጥረትን በተመለከተ የባንኩ ገዥ እና ምክትላቸው ለኢቴቪ ከሰጡት ውጭ ሌላ ምላሽ እንደሌላቸው  ለፍኖተ ነፃነት ገልፀዋል፡፡

ከደመወዛቸው ላይ በግድ ለአባይ ግድብ መቆረጡን ሰራተኞች ተቃወሙ

 

 በደቡብ ክልል ወላይታ ዞን የሚሰሩ የመንግስት ሰራተኞች ከዚህ በፊት ለአንድ ዓመት አቅማችን ሳይፈቅድ ከወር ደመወዛችን ላይ ሲቀቆረጥ ነበር፤ አሁን ግን ካለብን የኑሮ ውድነት የተነሳ አቅማችን አይፈቅድም ስለዚህ ያለፈቃዳችን ሊቆረጥብን አይገባም ሲሉ በርካታ የመንግስት ሰራተኞች ፒቲሽን ተፈራርመው ማስገባታቸው የደረሰን መረጃ አየመንግስት  ሰራተኞች በግድ ለአባይ ግድብ ከደመወዛቸው ላይ እንዳይቆረጥብን ሲሉ ፒቲሽን መልክቷል፡፡

ሰራተኞቹ በቁጥር ወደ 36 የሚደርሱ በዞኑ በተለያየ የመንግስት መስሪያ ቤት የሚሰሩ እንደሆነ የተገለፀ ሲሆን እስካሁን የተሰጣቸው ምላሽ ግን የለም፡፡ እንደሰራተኞቹ ገለፃ ከሆነ “በአሁን ወቅት በሀገሪቱ ከፍተኛ የኑሮ ውድነት ተከስቶ እያለ ያለፈቃዳችን ለአንድ ዓመት ያህል ተቆርጧዋል፤ አሁን ግን አንችልም፡፡ ስለዚህ አሁንም በኢህአዴግ ካድሬዎች አማካኝነት ያለፈቃዳችን ከደመወዛችን ላይ እንዳይቆረጥ እስከመጨረሻው እንታገላለን” ሲሉ አስታውቀዋል፡፡

በተለይ በዞኑ አረካ ወረዳ ያሉ የግብርና ሰራተኞች ድርጊቱን ተቃውመው አቤቱታ ለወረዳው አስተዳደርና ግብርና ፅ/ቤት ቢያቀርቡም አቤቱታቸውን ውድቅ እንዳደረጉባቸው በመግለፅ በጋራ የተስማሙ ሰራተኞች እስከ ፍርድ ቤት ድረስ በመሄድ ክስ እንደሚመሰርቱ አስታውቀዋል፡፡ ስለጉዳዩ ለማጣራት የዝግጅት ክፍሉ ወደወረዳው ዋና አስተዳደር አቶ ደመቀ ደጀኔ ተደጋጋሚ ጥረት ቢደረግም አልተሳካም፡፡፡

ይሁን እንጂ በድጋሚ ወደወረዳው ግብርና ፅ/ቤት ኃላፊ የሆኑት አቶ ጴጥሮስን ስለጉዳዩ ጠይቀናቸው “ተቆረጠ የተባለው ደመወዝ ሰራተኞቹ በተስማሙት መሰረት ነው፤ በርግጥ በታህሣስ 2005 ዓ.ም. ሊቀረጥ ሲል ወቅቱ በዓል ስለነበረ እንዳይቆረጥብን ስላሉ ቅሬታቸውን የተቀበልን ቢሆንም ኋላ ከጥር 2005 ዓ.ም. ጀምሮ 2ኛ ዙር እንዲቆረጥ በተስማሙት መሰረት መቆረጥ ተጀምሯል፡፡ በዚህም ዙሪያ አንዳንድ ግለሰቦች ከወር ደመወዛቸው ላይ እንዳይቆረጥ ቅሬታ ያቀረቡ ቢሆንም ከተጀመረ በኋላ ማስተናገድ እንደማንችል ተነጋግረን ተግባብተናል” ሲሉ ምላሽ ሰጥተዋል፡፡ አረካ ወረዳ በደቡብ ክል ወላይታ ዞን ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር አቶ ኃይለማርያም ደሳለኝ የተወለዱበትና ምርጫ የተወዳደሩበት ስፍራ መሆኑ ይታወቃል፡፡

The death of Meles and challenges of the new prime minister

Bisrat Woldemichael

afrosonb@gmail.com

It is sorrowful when every human being has died. Mr. Meles is so lucky to die through sickness. Because, in the Ethiopian history of Modern state establishment (starting from Emperor Tewodros II up to Mr. Meles) he become the first person to hold out the national funeral ceremony.

On the other side he can be called lucky to die before suffering like other governor of North Africa and Middle East countries on the current disturbance of political, economic and social situations honorable death have a value.

For today let’s see the destiny of Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn who is successor of PM. Meles.

            Voyage of Mr. Hailemariam

Mr. Hailemariam who was born on the southern region of the country called Wolayta zone, he have graduate in civil Engineering with BSc. and sanitary engineering with MSc. and served at Arbaminch University as a lecturer and dean before Joining SEPDM/EPRDF. After the former president of southern region called Mr. Abate Kisho has prisoner due to corruption, he has served the region for five years as the president of the regions and transfer to the federal government and again serve to the federal government and as an advisor of Mr. Meles Zenawi in social affairs.

There after the election of 2002/2010, he has served as deeply Prime Minister and Ministry of foreign affairs. It is expected to rule the coming three years as the prime Minister of the country. However, the situation of EPRDF cannot be believed so that it is better what will happen through time.

            Destiny

The notices come out of the EPRDF office put a big challenge before Mr. Hailemariam. Because, is explained that the directions made by Mr. Meles should continue in a strengthen way.

As it is about the explanation of the party, there will be an impediment to practice the different thoughts of the new PM. from that of the former PM. However, if Mr. Hailemariam wants to win this and record his own historical print, it is expected to take an improvement measures.

Specially, distraction of political, economic and social affairs done by the administration of the former PM. Meles and also human rights violence are still alive through the minds of the people. So that it will be challenges of Mr. Hailemariam which needs correction sooner.

            Newly expected happenings

Following the death of PM. Meles and settling the country, he is expected to control embezzlement of the property of the people, taking administrative measures on Ministers for their faults, developing foreign diplomacy relation and creating an opportunity of national understanding and agreement.

As the above notified points stayed as they are, if he has a skill to communicate and convincing he can solve the problem that will happen in security structure, security officials and other peace army regarding shaping their authority. In addition to the above mentioned points, he is expected to let free the illegally prisoner innocents (Journalists and politicians) without any pre-conditions and by discussing together with other competent political parties and concerned bodies in starting a transparent discussion and dealing to listen the heart beat of the people and giving the appropriate response.

The other thing is that, he has a home work in improving the practice of freedom of speech, promoting the independent media through practice and to work freely from the ruling party for those vital institutions of democracy like election board, court and securities.

He should open a door of improvement towards those proclamation which are prepared to kidnap the community like land lease, anti terrorism, press, civic associations and election proclamation.

However, if he can’t correct the above mentioned points and want to continue by keeping the former administration, Mr. Hailemariam have no his ruling role or there is a ruler behind. For this reason, the tension of the people will explode and lead the country to the unnecessary direction so that he will be forced to accept sorrowful challenges which were faced to PM. Meles if he were alive.

Black terror on freedom of expression

Bisrat Woldemichael

addismediab@gmail.com

Among the desperate times faced by Ethiopians in the 1970s are the socialist divisions among the citizens as groups of ‘white terror and red terror.’ At that time, military rules suppressed ideas. For this reason, some parties are established to face against the army while others are subjected to life in refuge.

The Derg regime did not allow the freedom to expressions and suppressed the press freedom amid its demise by the EPLF & EPRDF forces in 1991. The Derg opponents of that time split in to two as Ethiopia & Eritrea and repeating the same system they used to oppose. 

Particularly, after controlling the Menlik II palace in Addis Ababa, under the leadership of Mr.Meles Zenawie, the EPRDF disclosed the right to free expressions, press freedom, multiparty, freedom of organization for professionals and political parties. Proclamation 34/93 for press freedom in accordance with the constitution Article 29(3) A & B, the right for press freedom for multimedia and copyright provisions are being respected. The press freedom particularly encompasses the following press rights:-

A.   Any form of censorship is prohibited

B.   Clearly indication of getting information for public interest but the above rights slightly worked only until May 2005 during the election. The main reason that the free press disclosed the bad operations and oppression of the press rights by the government and played major roles in the election by motivating the public at large. After the election, some journalists were jailed and others were subjected to refuge.

Consequently, the CPJ, HRW and other reputable international media indicate that more than 140 free press and about 48 government multimedia Journalists are subjected to refuge.

 In fact, even during that time, the number of free press and government media are not proportional to the need of the people. Notwithstanding to the gaps in capacity of some free press & government media professionals, the number of such institutions remains lacking ; for this reason, information supply is limited to some towns and cities.

 Notwithstanding to the provisions of the constitution, the press freedom proclamation No. 590/2007 article 4/1/ that attest ‘The freedom of multimedia is accredited by the constitution. Censorship is prohibited in any way.’ In this proclamation Article 2 attests that “any limitations to multimedia shall be enforced based up only on the provisions of the constitution and the laws.’ The fact presently is far beyond this truth.

 For instance, the government owned ‘Berhanena Selam Printing Enterprise’ officially violated the constitution and the proclamation and drafted a new ‘printing Agreement.’ In this draft article 10/1/ is written ‘The printing press, up on findings that the script supplied by the client violates the law, has the right to reject the printing order.’ This shows that the firm is ready to censor the script before it is printed and as a result the newspapers that officially disclose human rights violations, non democratic operations, issues of good governance and inappropriate actions by EPRDF will be forced to diminish and the public remains thirsty of such information. This encourages dictatorship and the need to remain on power.

 The other article 10/2 of this draft attests that ‘If the printing press finds a content that brings legal accountability is intentionally submitted for printing, it can terminate or dissolve the agreement.’ Besides implementing censorship, it articulates the Journalist or the press ethics as if it is not legally accountable and therefore leading to a conclusion that journalism is not a disciplinary profession. The amazing thing here is that it contradicts with the constitution regardless of the article 9/1/ that states any law or regulation that contradicts the constitution shall be nullified. Not only due to the fact that the printing press belongs to the government but also under the leadership of the EPRDF higher officials that it intended to censor scripts.

 The socialist partisan philosophy divided parties as ‘white terror’ and ‘red terror’ and now indirectly imposed on the free press because of censorship. The White terror and red terror are direct signs for bloodshed but censorship is indirect way of violation of freedom of consciousness and that’s why we called it Black Terror. Thus any threat to the natural rights of human beings shall be cursed.

 The EPRDF led Ethiopian Government appears saying ‘The right to free expression and press freedom are constitutionally approved’ to win the hearts of donors and fooling citizens but kept contrary in action. Writing on papers cannot guarantee the right of citizens nor does it have more value than the paper it is printed on. Freedom shall be shown in action not only by papers. Therefore, suppressing the free press and censorship is a black terror to the freedom of expressions. In this case now a day’s two independent newspapers Feteh and Finote Netasnet are blocked from publishing without legal ground.

In general, suppressing the free press is not only violation of the law but also threatening dignified humanity.   

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